International flight services connecting to Sharjah, Dubai, Abu Dhabi, Bahrain, Kuwait, Muscat, Malé, Doha, Singapore and Colombo are available from here. [91], Double decker luxury boats run between Kollam and Allepey daily. [46][47][48], The Battle of Quilon was fought in 1809 between a troop of the Indian kingdom of Travancore led by the then Dalawa (prime minister) of Travancore, Velu Thampi Dalawa and the British East India Company led by Colonel Chalmers at Cantonment Maidan in Quilon. April–November is the wet season, with considerably more rain than during December–March. It covers 2,492 square kilometres (962 sq mi), is the seventh-largest district in Kerala and is densely populated.Sasthamkotta Lake, the largest freshwater lake in Kerala, is located in Kollam; this lake provides drinking water to the city of Kollam. Pliny the Elder (23–79 AD) mentions Greek ships anchored at Muziris and Nelcynda. [18] As per the survey conducted by Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) based on urban area growth during January 2020, Kollam became the 10th fastest growing city in the world with a 31.1% urban growth between 2015 and 2020. The area had trading relationships with Phoenicia and Ancient Rome. info) and Coulão (in Portuguese), and Desinganadu, is an old seaport and city on the Laccadive Sea coast of the Indian state of Kerala. Kollam is an important maritime and port city. Kerala's first coastal police station was established in Neendakara, Kollam.[13]. Vol. It is now the pro-cathedral of Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon – the ancient and first Catholic diocese of India. There are also passenger services running in Kollam–Thiruvananthapuram, Kollam–Ernakulam and Kollam–Punalur routes. Accommodation is in resorts and on houseboats. Portuguese, Dutch and British conquests (16th to 18th centuries), Kohanski, Tamarah & Benson, C. David (Eds. The station has 17 rail tracks. ), ending with the Royal sanction of Tarissapalli copper plates to Assyrian Monks by Vaishnaite Chera King Rajashekara Varma, against the backdrop of a Shivite revival led by Adi Shankara among the Nampoothiri communities, Mirabilia Descripta by Jordanus Catalani circa 1320–1336 (trans Hiracut Society, London), 'Jornada' of Portuguese Bishop Dom Alexis Menezes 1599–1600AD, Menon, A Sreedhara; "A Survey of Kerala History"; DC Books, 1 January 2007 – History – pp 54–56, /Sakthikulangara-sreesharmasastha-karadevasom.com/, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, list of the most populous urban agglomerations in India, Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited, Thangal Kunju Musaliar College of Engineering, Sree Narayana Guru College of Legal Studies, Indian Institute of Infrastructure and Construction(IIIC-Kollam), The Institute of Fashion Technology, Kollam, Kottarakkara Sree Mahaganapathi Kshethram, Roman Catholic Diocese of Quilon or Kollam, "Population Finder - Census of India 2011", "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above", Alphabetical listing of Places in State of Kerala, "Kozhikode to China: IIT Prof Unearths 700-YO Link That'll Will Blow Your Mind! [22][23] There was also internal trade through the Aryankavu Pass in Schenkottah Gap connecting the ancient town to Tamil Nadu. 01/11/1980. Another government organisation in this field is CAPEX, which is part of the cooperative sector and has 10 cashew factories. Kollam is placed 49th in the list of most populous urban agglomerations in India. He also gives[42] true and imaginary descriptions of life in 'India the Major' in the period before Marco Polo visited the city. The Shendurney Wildlife Sanctuary, 66 kilometres (41 mi) from Kollam, is situated on the southern part of the Western Ghats (8°50' and 8°55'N; 77°5'and 77°15'E) in the Pathanapuram taluk of the district. Pathanamthitta district was formed on 1 November 1982 carving out the entire Pathanamthitta taluk and nine villages of Kunnathur taluk from Kollam district, entire Thiruvalla taluk and part of Chengannur and Mavelikkara taluks from Alapphuzha district and parts of Idukki district. [103] Kerala Maritime Institute is situated at Neendakara in Kollam city to give maritime training for the students in Kerala. The newly formed district has been carved out of Nagapattinam district. The police administration comes under the State Home Department of the Government of Kerala. Both heads report to the Inspector General of Police (IGP), Thiruvananthapuram Range (Kerala). The city hosts the administrative offices of Kollam district and is a prominent trading city for the state. In the 18th century, Travancore conquered Kollam, followed by the British in 1795. [14][15] Desinganadu's rajas exchanged embassies with Chinese rulers while there was a flourishing Chinese settlement at Kollam. Kollam continues to be a major business and commercial center in Southern Kerala. In Kollam, 11% of the population was under six years of age. Ashramam Tourist Village is a well-known tourist destination in Kollam city; the tourist village is located on the banks of Ashtamudi Lake. [90], The State Water Transport Department operates boat services to West Kallada, Munroe Island, Guhanandapuram, Dalavapuram and Alappuzha from Kollam KSWTD Ferry Terminal situated on the banks of the Ashtamudi Lake. There was also a land route over the Western Ghats. Kollam is administratively divided into 6 taluks. kerala psc gk kerala psc online kerala psc kerala gk Trivandrum....1949 July 1 Kollam .....1949 July 13 crore. [77] The Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited (KSCDC) is situated at Mundakkal in Kollam city. Apart from colleges, there are a number of bank coaching centres in Kollam. There are also small communities of Anglo-Indians, Konkani Brahmins, Telugu Chetty and Bengali migrant labourers settled in the city. Ashtamudi Lake is in the heart of the city. Each subdivision is divided into circles, headed by the Circle Inspector of Police. Kollam is an ancient trading town – trading with Romans, Chinese, Arabs and other Orientals – mentioned in historical citations dating back to Biblical times and the reign of Solomon, connecting with Red Sea ports of the Arabian Sea (supported by a find of ancient Roman coins). The Kollam City Police is divided into three subdivisions, each under an Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACP): Karunagappally, Kollam and Chathannoor. There are 24 inland fishing villages. The railway stations in Kollam city are Kollam Junction railway station, Eravipuram railway station and Kilikollur railway station. One-third of Kerala's fish production (including 60 percent of its prawn catch) is contributed by Kollam, whose average fish production is estimated at 5,275 tonnes. [52] A Chinese team with the Palace Museum, a team from India with Kerala Council for Historical Research (KCHR) discovered Chinese coins and artifacts that show trade links between Kollam and ancient China.[53]. Now the old airport area is serving as a twin-helipad of the city, which is about 1 km away from the city center. Kollam District now divided into two Revenue Divisions. Kollam city is bordered by the panchayats of Neendakara and Thrikkaruva to the north, Mayyanad to the south, and Thrikkovilvattom and Kottamkara to the east, and by the Laccadive Sea to the west. [2], According to the 2011 census Kollam district has a population of 2,635,375,[6] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[7] or the US state of Nevada. In addition to that, there are some other major railway stations in the district namely Punalur (PUU), Karunagappalli (KPY), Paravur (PVU), Sasthamkotta (STKT), Kottarakara (KKZ) and Kundara (KUV). Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Kollam District, India on Tripadvisor: See 2,429 traveler reviews and photos of Kollam District tourist attractions. Buses to various towns in Kerala and interstate services run from this station. The Kollam city Corporation will focus on social-justice based development and welfare while diverse projects will be implemented to make Kollam a … [74], Known as the "Cashew Capital of the World", Kollam is noted for its traditional cashew business and is home to more than 600 cashew-processing units. The district has many water bodies. The Kerala State Water Transport Department (KSWTD) has an operating centre near the KSRTC bus stand. Despite of this Kollam has a significant Christian population too (16%) among this Latin Catholics (26.1%) and Syro-Malabar (19.7%) are the largest subgroups. "[35] The Nestorian Patriarch Jesujabus, who died in 660 AD, mentions Kollam in his letter to Simon, Metropolitan of Persia. 2131sqkm. The present Mayor of Kollam Corporation is Adv.V. The Sakthikulangara Dharma Sastha Temple-Sree Ayyappa Swamy Temple is known for its Utsavam in the month of Makaram (between mid-January and mid-February). *In 2015, the area of Kollam City Corporation increased by merging Thrikkadavoor panchayath. [33] Kollam District : Consultez sur Tripadvisor 10.786 avis de voyageurs et trouvez des conseils sur les endroits où sortir, manger et dormir à Kollam District, Kerala. The city corporation of Kollam is served by the Trivandrum International Airport, which is about 56 kilometers from the city. There is a city private bus stand at Andamukkam. [131], The Infant Jesus Cathedral in Tangasseri is established by Portuguese during 1614. Scale of social capital formed was compared using the SOCAT tool. [11][better source needed]. Ernakulam district was formed on 1 April 1958, carving out of parts of erstwhile Thrissur and Kottayam districts. The city life of Kollam has changed in the last decade. The average temperature ranges from 25 to 32 degrees Celsius. Paravur railway station is the last station in Kollam district which is on the of Kolla It is one of popular beaches in the city of Kollam and a tourist destination. Mannathippara is at Polachira, 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) south of Chathannoor. [113] There are so many ancient temples, centuries-old churches and mosques in the city and its suburbs. The proportion of females to males in Kollam city is second highest among the 500 most populous cities in India. The event was inaugurated by President Prathibha Patil in September 2011. A fishing village with 100 houses is being built at Eravipuram. According to the Government of Kerala estimates 81,438 hectares (314.43 sq mi) of land is under forest cover, mainly in the eastern portion of the district (including the Thenmala, Punalur, and a portion of the Achencoil forest divisions). Kollam Fest is Kollam's own annual festival, attracting mostly Keralites but also hundreds of domestic and foreign tourists to Kollam. The Government of Kerala has granted academic autonomy to Fatima Mata National College, another prestigious institution in the city. Alappuzha district was carved out of erstwhile Kottayam and Kollam districts on 17 August 1957. The 400-year-old Sanctum sanctorum of this temple is finished in teak. Backwater tourism is an activity enjoyed in Kollam; Ashtamudi Lake, Paravur, Munroe Island, and Alumkadavu are the main backwater destinations. Most workers in this industry are women; among them, a majority comes from the poorer sections of the society. It was established in 2008 and was one of the first state-owned design institutes in India. The district has a cross-section of Kerala's natural attributes; it is endowed with a long coastline, a major Laccadive Sea seaport and an inland lake (Ashtamudi Lake). [70] Kollam is famous as a city with excellent export background. Cargo handling facilities began operation in 2013. [87] By 1 December 2012, MEMU service between Kollam and Nagercoil became a reality and later extended up to Kanyakumari. The Anathavalam is near here where one can see domestic elephants, touch and ride them. The district has a cross-section of Kerala's natural attributes; it is endowed with a long coastline, a major Laccadive Sea seaport and an inland lake (Ashtamudi Lake). Kottarakara is well known as the place where a new version of the classical dance form of Kathakali was conceived. The Thiruvananthapuram-Shornur canal, which forms a part of the Thiruvananthapuram-Hosdurg system, runs a distance of about 62 km. The total urban population of the entire district is 1,187,158. Ernakulam District was formed on 1 April 1958, from the taluks of Aluva, Kunnathunadu, Kochi, Kanayannur, and Paravoor, which were formerly part of Thrissur District. Ashtamudi Lake is a backwater lake and a very popular tourist destination. [85] The first Amphibian Aircraft (Seaplane) of Kerala also landed in Kollam. He writes, "In the island of Tabropane (Ceylon), there is a church of Christians, and clerics and faithful. Kallada River is one among them, and the east side land of river is East Kallada and the west side land is West Kallada. Palaruvi Falls, Thenmala (forests and reservoir), the Agasthyamalai Biosphere Reserve, Ashtamudi (backwater) and beaches at Kollam, Thirumullavaram and Thangassery are scenic areas. Book 11", New proof for Pre-Portuguese mission in Kollam, "A short history of the Kerala Secretariat as building celebrates 150 years", "Emergence of antiques triggers treasure hunt in Kollam", "A stream fading into historyg - The Hindu", "9 of the Least Polluted Cities on Earth You Could Consider Moving To", "For 2nd year in row, Kerala tops list of most welcoming places: Report", "Thrikadavur becomes part of Kollam city", "Building Permit Management System -Kollam Corporation", "CPI(M) rides to power in five of six corporations in Kerala", "ANALYSIS OF CENSUS DATA - Census of India Website", "Delhi ranked 23rd in mega survey of 53 Indian cities", ":: The Kerala State Cashew Development Corporation Limited ::", "Ashtamudi short-neck clam fisheries becomes India's first MSC certified fisheries", "Aviation school proposal evokes mixed response", "West Bengal: tea plantations and other Raj-era relics", "New DRM optimistic about suburban project - KERALA", "Thiruvananthapuram: KSRTC executive directors in-charge of zones", "Kerala State Water Transport Department - Introduction", Kollam cashew importers suffering due to port congestion at tuticorin terminal, Shreyas Shipping starts Kochi-Kollam container service, Shreyas Shipping inaugurates Kollam port with new service, "Admission Process Starts at KSID for New Diploma Courses", "States-Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship", "Maritime institute to come up at Neendakara", "Steps begun to set up Maritime university", "Which is the best banking coaching centre in India - Kollam", "Engineering graduates opt for banking sector", "President's Trophy boat race on November 1", "Kerala temple: Where the lady with the lamp is a man", "Here, bells on tree answer your prayers", "No permission for RSS to conduct 'shakha' in temple: Kerala HC told", "Population of Kollam City - Census 2011 data", Cashew Export Promotion Council of India (CEPCI), United Electrical Industries Limited(UNILEC), N. S. Memorial Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Institute of Infrastructure and Construction, Younus College of Engineering & Technology, Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya, Thrikkannamangal, Mount Carmel Convent Anglo-Indian Girls High School, Nediyiruppu Swaroopam (Kingdom of Calicut), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kollam&oldid=999326884, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with a promotional tone from January 2018, Wikipedia articles with style issues from January 2018, Articles that may contain original research from June 2018, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2010, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Travancore Archaeological Series (T.A.S.) It is believed that Jatayu fell here, after his failed attempt to stop Ravana. Kollam's temperature is almost steady throughout the year. The history of the district's administration can be traced back to 1835, when the Travancore state consisted of two revenue divisions with headquarters at Kollam and Kottayam. There are an estimated 26 villages whose livelihood depends entirely on fishing. [136][137], Muslims accounts 22.05% of Kollam's total population. Luxury boats, operated by Government and private owners, operate from the main boat jetty during the tourist season. RTO offices in Kollam (KL-02) offer driver-related services such as issuance/renewal of learner’s and driving licences, organising tests for learners and driving licences, issuance of the duplicate copy of driving licences … The company forces won the battle while all the insurrectionist who participated in the war were court-martialed and subsequently hanged at the maidan. When Travancore and Cochin were combined into Travancore-Cochin, Kollam was one of the three revenue divisions. [94] Foreign ships arrive in the port regularly with the MV Alina, a 145-metre (476 ft) vessel registered in Antigua anchored at the port on 4 April 2014. The MEMU services started from Kollam to Ernakulam via Alappuzha and Kottayam in the 2nd week of January 2012. [6] Kollam has a sex ratio of 1113 females for every 1000 males.The total literacy rate of Kollam district was 94.09%.The male literacy rate was 96.09% and the female literacy rate was 92.31% in Kollam district. 817420. Kerala's only turkey farm and a regional poultry farm are at Kureepuzha.[72]. Hinduism (64.42%) is practised by majority of the people in Kollam district of which Nair (32%) and Ezhava (30.5%) are the largest sub groups. 2000 sqft house in 25 cents for sale on roadside at kottaappuram, mulavana,kundara,kollam district. While 931 persons completed home quarantine on … [120] Kottankulangara Devi Temple is one of the world-famous Hindu temples in Kerala were cross-dressing of men for Chamayavilakku ritual is a part of traditional festivities. , Travancore conquered Kollam, Karunagappally and Kottarakkara are the main Boat jetty during the tourist village is a trading. Steps for establishing a fishing harbour. [ 13 ] winter is from to! ( 3873 ft ). [ 72 ] culture from a large collection of photographs district. Factories and employs more than 5,000 students have been derived from the erstwhile district... Of Youth in 13 circles Kollam Pooram, part of the state Water Transport Department KSWTD... Astro-Turf facility is there at Asramam in the list of most populous UA in state! Granted academic autonomy to Fatima Mata National College, another prestigious institution in the area in.. Became a reality and later extended up to Kanyakumari operating centre near the Maidan... 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